The Syrian Spring Continued…
On the 24th of July, the president signed a law which stated political parties must allow the establishment of other political parties besides the historical Baʻṯ. The law was made accessible to everyone via a legal translation. Two days later, Bašār al-Asad signed the electoral reform law which organizes the elections of the people’s council and the local councils. This law is based upon transparency to allow the candidates to control the development of elections.
The international community is divided about the Syrian crisis. The British foreign minister, William Hague, claimed that his country wants Bašār al-Asad to face up to his responsibilities for the death of protesters, to release political prisoners and to establish press freedom and internet access. Russia stated they will use the veto in the UNO Council to stop every resolution favourable to a military intervention in Syria. (Russia considers Syria as a strategic ally because it hosts the unique Russian post in the Mediterranean Sea).
International community reactions to Syrian events were less disruptive compared to what happened in Libya. The European Union announced very limited sanctions; the weapons embargo on the 10th May and the drafting of a list with thirteen Syrian political personalities, whose entrance visa is no longer valid in the European Union. The president Bašār al-Asad wasn’t included in this list because of disagreements among EU member states.
The violence that the regime used to suppress uprisings forced France, Great Britain and The United States to intervene, obtaining in that way the insertion of the president and of 22 other people on that list. Nevertheless the international community restricts themselves to verbal threats without planning any military intervention.
Maybe the reasons of that position have to be put down to the complex structure of the Syrian people and to the fear of a civil war if al-Asad regime would fall. Also, since the current government, as mentioned before, has always repressed civil society and every possibility of political expression, an opposition able to represent a valid alternative to the current president has never been established.